The Republic of Senegal is a former French colony, which claimed independence in 1960, together with Sudan. Named after Senegal River, covers a land area of almost 197,000 square kilometres of the West Coast of Africa. Senegal is classified as a heavily indebted poor country, with most of its 16M inhabitants working in agriculture, mining, tourism and services. However it is also a hub for shipping and transport in the region and a home to banks and other institutions serving all of Francophone West Africa. Read more to seek consulting for Senegal.
Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. Senegal nearly surrounds The Gambia, a country occupying a narrow sliver of land along the banks of the Gambia River, which separates Senegal’s southern region of Casamance from the rest of the country. Senegal also shares a maritime border with Cape Verde. Senegal’s economic and political capital is Dakar.
The country has a high profile in many international organizations and was a member of the UN Security Council in 1988–89 and 2015–2016. It was elected to the UN Commission on Human Rights in 1997. Friendly to the West, especially to France and to the United States, Senegal also is a vigorous proponent of more assistance from developed countries to the Third World.
Senegal enjoys mostly cordial relations with its neighbours. It is also part of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Integrated with the main bodies of the international community and a member of the African Union (AU) and the Community of Sahel-Saharan States. As a member of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), Senegal is working toward greater regional integration with a unified external tariff. Senegal is also a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa.
With its beautiful landscapes and remains of pre-colonial, Portuguese and French edifices, Senegal is a popular touristic destination. The country used to be a host of Paris-Dakar rally from 1979 until 2007, the best known off-road race in the world.
The currency in use is frank CFA, common for Middle Africa countries.