China is one of the biggest energy consumers and the biggest CO2 emitters on the Planet. The country is responsible for 1/3 global sulphur dioxide pollution. Because of that the Chinese environmental development plan is very challenging. The urgent need to lower the pollution to slow down the climate change and to avoid ecological and economic catastrophe imposes the turn to low-emission economy and renewable sources of energy. Moreover, the current energetic model has been causing loss in China’s GDP – 10% annually in last decades. Today the Chinese administration is highly motivated to reverse this tendency and invests a lot in renewable energy sources.
The problem of pollution in China started in mid 1970s and is a direct result of Deng Xiaoping’s programme of “four modernisations”, which highly industrialised the country and raised the GDP with no looking back at the consequences. Until 2006 the environmental protection has not been a priority to the government, but just another branch of the economy.
In 2006 the Chinese administration published a document changing the point of view. The text describing the difficult ecological situation in the country, i.e. lack of resources, environmental degradation etc., indicated the crucial need to change. Three key features were proposed: turn from GDP raise at all costs, more pressure on environmental protection and creation of administrative tools to help control and preserve the ecology. In 2012 the General Secretary of Communist Party Hu Jintao has highlighted the matter of environmental protection and transit to renewable sources of energy, which he has put on the same level of importance as political, cultural, social and economic development.
The 2014 novelisation of the environmental act underlined the necessity of systemic environment monitoring and researching the links between the ecology and the health of the Chinese population. The legislation emphasised the must of clear energy sources use, especially wind power, hydropower, solar and geothermal energy, biomass.